The Framing Rule, as with most of the rules we will be discussing, is a technique to bring focus to the subject of the photograph. Simply put, you use elements within the scene to frame the subject. There are 4 different framing techniques. 1. Use a literal frame. 2. Use architecture - windows, doorways, fences, etc. 3. Use nature - trees, fields of flowers, branches, rocks, etc. 4. Use areas of high contrast light.
Mergers - The good and the bad
A merger occurs when something in the background seems to “merge” out of or into your subject. This happens when you are so focused on your subject you do not pay attention to the background. You should always be mindful of other objects in the frame that may seem to “merge” with the subject. These mergers are distractions and can ruin a good photograph. For example, plants, lamp posts and railings positioned just so it looks to be growing out of a person’s head. Also, avoid border mergers where fingers, feet and joints are cut off in the frame. Lastly, objects that draw more attention to themselves rather than to your intended point of interest should be taken out of the frame.